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Editor Guidelines

Editor Responsibilities

Editors of scientific journals have responsibilities towards the authors who provide the content for the journals, the peer reviewers who comment on the suitability of manuscripts for publication, the journal readers and the scientific community, the owners/publishers of the journal, and the public as a whole. Depending on the relationship between the editor and publisher for particular journals, some of the roles and responsibilities between the two may overlap in some of the following:

Towards Editorial Board Members

  • Rolling up a pronominal editorial board
  • Calling initial articles from editorial board members
  • Together with editorial board members, solicit on an ongoing basis a steady stream of articles
  • Adding peer-reviewers to the peer-review database
  • Oversee the peer-review process & making sure that reviewers respond within the deadline set
  • Ensure the quality of published material, through peer-review, own comments, and editing
  • An editor edits, i.e. must have the superior skills to ask for revision without the reviewers’ decision and time to write and rewrite sometimes poorly written manuscripts.
  • Generally each editorial board member has to review/process at least four manuscripts for two months.

Towards authors

  • Providing guidelines to authors for preparing and submitting manuscripts
  • Protecting the confidentiality of every authors' work
  • Establishing a system for effective and rapid peer review
  • Making editorial decisions with reasonable speed and communicating them in a clear and constructive manner

Towards Reviewers

  • Assigning papers for review appropriate to each reviewer´s area of interest and expertise. Establishing a process for reviewers to ensure that they treat the manuscript as a confidential document and complete the review promptly
  • Allowing reviewers appropriate time to complete their reviews
  • Finding ways to recognize the contributions of reviewers, for example, by publicly thanking them in the journal; providing letters that might be used in applications for academic promotion; offering professional education credits; or inviting them to serve on the editorial board of the journal

Towards Readers and the Scientific Community

  • Evaluating all manuscripts considered for publication to make certain that each provides the evidence readers need to evaluate the author´s conclusions and that author´s conclusions reflect the evidence provided in the manuscript
  • Maintaining the journal´s internal integrity (e.g., correcting errors; clearly identifying and differentiating types of content, such as reports of original data, opinion pieces [e.g., editorials and letters to the editor], corrections/errata, retractions, supplemental data, and promotional material or advertising; and identifying published material with proper references)
  • Creating mechanisms to determine if the journal is providing what readers need and want (e.g., reader surveys)
  • Providing a mechanism for a further discussion on the scientific merits of a paper, such as by publishing letters to the editor, inviting commentaries, article blogs, or soliciting other forms of public discourse
  • Working with the publisher to attract the best manuscripts and research that will be of interest to readers

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